Masindi District. District of Uganda

Masindi District

Masindi District is a district in Western Uganda. Like many other Ugandan districts, it is named after its ‘chief town’ of Masindi, the location of the district headquarters.


Masindi District is bordered by Nwoya District to the north, Kiryandongo District to the east, Nakasongola District and Nakaseke District to the southeast, Kyankwanzi District to the south, Hoima District to the southwest and Bulisa District to the northwest.[1] Masindi, the ‘chief town’ of the district is located approximately 220 kilometres (140 mi), by road, west of Uganda’s capital Kampala.[2] The coordinates of the district are: 01 41N, 31 44E.


Masindi District comprises a total area of 9,326 square kilometres (3,601 sq mi), of which 8,087 square kilometres (3,122 sq mi) (86.7%) is land, 2,843 square kilometres (1,098 sq mi) (30.5%) national wild reserve area, 1,031 square kilometres (398 sq mi) (11.1%) is national forest reserve and 799.6 square kilometres (308.7 sq mi) is open water.[3] Approximately 196.3 square kilometres (75.8 sq mi) (2.1%) of the district are permanent wetlands.


The region of the country in which the district is located is comparatively dry, but is fertile enough to support a predominantly agriculturalist population. Most of the district residents are both poor and rural. The district, as configured currently, had population of about 129,700 during the 1991 national population census. Eleven years later, during the national census of 2002, the population had increased to about 208,420. At that time, 50.1% of the population were males and 49.9% were females. The annual population growth rate in the district at that time was 5.1%.[4] During 2012, the mid-year population of the district was estimated at approximately 352,400.[5]

Masindi District has a diverse ethnic composition of 55 tribes, with the dominant tribes, the Banyoro and the Bagungu, forming about 59.9% of the population. The Alur, the Jonam and the Aringa form 5.3%. The Baruli form 4.5%. People from Rwanda, Kenya, South Sudan and the Democratic Republic of the Congo have also settled permanently in the district. The average household size is about 4.86 persons, lower than the regional average of 5.2. The population is predominantly rural, with only 5.43% of the residents living in urban areas.[6]